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The EHRI document blog is a space to share ideas about Holocaust-related archival documents, and their presentation and interpretation using digital tools.
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Online Finding Aid on Nazi Camp History

October 2, 2017 - 1:16pm
An old finding aid regarding general information on incarceration and persecution sites of the Nazi Regime was published on the EHRI portal in May 2016. The physical finding aid – a card index – had been gradually compiled between the... Continue reading →

Card File of the Jewish Population in the Protectorate Bohemia and Moravia

September 11, 2017 - 10:27am
Preserved remnants of registration card files of Jews in the Protectorate Bohemia and Moravia open important questions of the state of Holocaust documentation as well as of the deployment of modern technology in registering and deporting European Jews. This post... Continue reading →

“In the Country of Numbers”: Gerardo Nassau’s unpublished memoir of Sachsenhausen

August 21, 2017 - 5:13pm
Preface On the night of 9-10 November 1938, SA and Hitler Youth units took to the streets of Germany and, in plain view, set synagogues on fire, smashed the window fronts of Jewish businesses, attacked Jewish people, and vandalized their... Continue reading →

Murdered on the Verge of Survival: Massacres in the Last Days of the Siege of Budapest, 1945 Part II

July 5, 2017 - 2:27pm
Part II: The Profile of the Perpetrators Introduction Part I of the present blog post provided the readers with an overview of one of the last and bloodiest crimes committed by Hungarian extremist Arrow Cross militiamen in Budapest at the... Continue reading →

Alter Ogień Testimony – the earliest testimony in the ŻIH collection

June 24, 2017 - 11:01am
On August 29th, 1944, a group of Holocaust survivors gathered in Lublin to set up the Commission for the History of the Jews. It took place a month after Lublin was liberated from German occupation. The Jews living there had... Continue reading →

Yiddish play manuscript draws attention to early Holocaust commemoration in Finland

May 15, 2017 - 11:31am
In 2005, when I was working at the National Archives of Finland, I was commissioned to do an inventory of archival material found in a cellar of a building owned by the Jewish Community of Helsinki. Amidst thousands of documents,... Continue reading →

Registration Cards: the Holocaust Survivors in Poland

April 18, 2017 - 9:50am
The Origins of the Central File The document presented in this post is one of the nearly 300.000 registration cards used by The Central Committee for the Polish Jews (Centralny Komitet Żydów w Polsce, CKŻP) during the registration of the... Continue reading →

Fajga Fajnzylber: reconstructing life stories from dispersed sources

March 10, 2017 - 8:29am
As an archival researcher at Yad Vashem, I respond to requests for information on the Holocaust victims from Poland. The rich archival resources available in Yad Vashem’s notwithstanding, it is not always possible to trace the fates of Jews here.... Continue reading →

Murdered on the Verge of Survival: Massacres in the Last Days of the Siege of Budapest, 1945

February 8, 2017 - 8:30am
Part I: First-Hand Accounts   Introduction The diverse and multilingual nature of Holocaust-era records is clearly exemplified in the case of the historical sources pertaining to the Holocaust in Hungary. Despite large-scale wartime damage and intentional destruction, millions of Holocaust-era... Continue reading →

Jakub Leipzig Interview: Jewish Displacement in Italy through ITS Documents

January 23, 2017 - 12:42pm
Introduction The following report is one of approximately 30 million documents held in the Archives of the International Tracing Service (ITS) – an extensive and unique collection that provides information about the fates of millions of refugees uprooted during World... Continue reading →

Photographing refugee deportation: On visual representation of refugees

January 2, 2017 - 12:29am
(Please follow this link for metadata and scan of the document.) The photograph discussed in this blog post captures a dramatic moment during an attempted deportation of a group of Jews who escaped after the occupation of the Protectorate Bohemia... Continue reading →

Elderly people in the Terezín Ghetto

September 13, 2016 - 9:25pm
Distribution of infirm people in the Terezín Ghetto This document from the Jewish Museum in Prague from September 5th 1942 details statistics about the “Distribution of infirm people in the ghetto”. Statistics on the elderly and so-called “infirm” people are quite common... Continue reading →

Daily Orders from the Terezín (Theresienstadt) Ghetto

May 18, 2016 - 8:42pm
Daily Orders from the Terezín (Theresienstadt) Ghetto During the Second World War the Terezín/Theresienstadt Ghetto was one of the major sites of suffering and death for the Jews of the Bohemian Lands and several European countries including Germany, Austria, Netherlands,... Continue reading →

Letters from Children on the First Kindertransport

April 20, 2016 - 12:14pm
The following document is just one of a unique collection of 365 eyewitness testimonies gathered in the days, weeks, and months following the November Pogrom of 1938, alternatively known as ‘Kristallnacht’ or the ‘Night of Broken Glass’. At the time,... Continue reading →